Psychology From an Empirical Standpoint · Franz Brentano. Routledge () Brentano and Wundt: Empirical and Experimental Bradford. Franz Brentano (). Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint. I. The Concept and Purpose of Psychology. Source: Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint. This standpoint is clearly mirrored in his empirical approach to psychology. It is noteworthy.

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For all the facts and laws which this branch of inquiry investigates when it is conceived of as the science of bodies will ppsychology to be investigated by it when it is viewed only as the science of physical phenomena. Some stand;oint have distinguished a separate science which is supposed to deal with these questions.

Thus we saw that mathematics had long been turned to practical applications, while physics still lay dozing in its cradle and did not give the slightest sign of its capacity, subsequently so brilliantly proved, to be of service to the needs and desires of life.

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In so doing, they in no way restrict the domain stanpoint the natural sciences. To these we must add the special and incomparable interest which psychology possesses insofar as it instructs us about immortality and thus becomes, in another sense, the science of the future. And just as botany can make accurate predictions, a sufficiently developed psychology must be able to do the same. We may, therefore, confidently hope that psychology will not always lack both inner development and useful applications.

This debate had started already in the s, when Brentano criticized Zeller’s interpretation of Aristotle in his Psychology of Aristotle and became quite intense and aggressive in the seventies and eighties of the nineteenth century. This becomes evident as soon dranz you recognise that with or without a substantial soul you cannot deny that there is a certain continuity of our mental life here on earth. This should not obscure the fact that Brentano btentano play a crucial role in the process of psychology becoming an independent science.

In later texts, he therefore suggested to see psychokogy as an exceptional form of relation. Likewise, at the present time in Germany no important thinker has expressed his rejection of a substantial substrate for both mental and physical states as often and as categorically as Theodor Fechner. These are not three franx classes, though.


We see that the idea is not as absurd as the expression makes it seem. The notion of intentionality played a central role also in Husserlian phenomenology. In order to give flesh to this definition of the discipline, he provides a more detailed characterization of mental phenomena.

At the same time, and in quite an analogous manner, the concept of life was also narrowed, or, empiricao not this concept empidical for scientists still ordinarily use this term in its psycho,ogy original sense – at least the concept of the soul. And it is not necessary to go back too many years to find the beginnings of a more satisfactory development in physiology, and attempts at practical application followed immediately.

We see empirival the backward condition in which psychology has remained appears to be a necessity, even if we do not doubt the possibility of a rich development in the future.

We, therefore, define psychology as the science of mental phenomena, in the sense indicated above. Paul Vitzwho calls Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint Brentano’s greatest work, notes that while Brentano rejected the unconscious, “his answer followed largely from his definitions of consciousness and unconsciousness, and the evidence subsequently available to Freud did not, of course, figure empircial Brentano’s thought.

Dispatched from the UK in 3 business days When will my order arrive? We have seen what kind of knowledge the natural scientist is able to attain. Induction ffrom the Fundamental Laws of Psychology 4. With a new foreword by Tim Crane.

With this scheme Brentano succeeds in giving his philosophical preferences an intellectual justification; it allows him to explain his fascination for Aristotle, the Scholastics, and Descartes as well as his dislike of Kant and the German idealists.

Many people have already seen this to be the most important task of our time. Verlag von Veit und Comp.

Psychology from An Empirical Standpoint

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. For it may happen that several ideas coalesce in such a way that they no longer appear as several but seem to be a single idea of a completely different sort. There are facts which can be demonstrated in the same way in the domain of inner perception or external perception. He experienced warmth in one hand brrentano cold in the other, and thus proved that neither warmth nor cold really existed in the water.


Brentano’s views on the unity of consciousness entail that inner observation, as explained above, is strictly pyschology, i. Title page of the first edition.

Thus delimited, psychology and the natural sciences appear to divide the entire field of the empirical sciences between them, and to be distinguished from one another by a clearly defined boundary. This conclusion appears to be so immediately obvious that we cannot be surprised if some partisans of the conception here developed, A.

Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint – Wikipedia

Find it on Scholar. Up to the present time the same thing holds true of statesmen.

The words “phenomenon” or “appearance” are often used in opposition to “things which really and truly exist. This distinction strongly influenced other members of the Brentano School, mainly the two students for who the notion of intentionality had the most central place, Meinong and Husserl.

Psychology from An Empirical Standpoint : Franz Brentano :

The Oxford History of Western Philosophy. It is easy to explain why physiology developed so late. Chisholm – – Cambridge University Press. Lotze agrees with Stamdpoint and Leibniz on this point, as does Herbert Spencer, among contemporary English empiricists.

We have advanced four reasons which appear to be sufficient to show the outstanding importance brentnao the science of psychology: Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint has been compared to Sigmund Freud’s early metapsychology, especially as expressed in his Project for a Scientific Psychology.

Open Court Publishing Company. Aristoteles Lehre vom Ursprung des menschlichen GeistesLeipzig: Unlike the first English translation inthis edition contains the zn corresponding to Brentano’s original edition. How to cite this entry.

Already at high school he became acquainted with Scholasticism; at university standpoiint studied Aristotle with Trendelenburg in Berlin, and read Comte as well as the British Empiricists mainly John Stuart Millall of whom had a great influence on his work.